Roof Services

Types of Residential Roofing

Residential Roofing Columbus GA covers houses and other structures used for living. These buildings are generally smaller than commercial buildings such as shopping centers.

RoofingThe roofs of these structures usually have steep designs that help easily drain rainwater through the gutters below. They also have chimneys, vent stacks and skylights.

Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are one of the most popular types of residential roofing. They’re inexpensive and easy to install, making them an attractive option for homeowners who want a durable roof at a low price. They can protect a home from rain and hail and are designed to last for decades. However, they may not hold up as well in extreme climates or against impact damage.

When it comes to selecting shingle style and color, there are many options to choose from. Some of the most common are black and brown, but you can also find a variety of blues and reds. Other options include textured or “signature cut” shingles and multilayered architectural shingles. There are also a number of specialty shingle products that can enhance the aesthetic of a roof, such as shingles that fight algae growth or offer enhanced resistance to damaging hail.

The construction of an asphalt shingle starts with a mat of either felt or fiberglass which has been saturated with asphalt material. Then granules are embedded on one side to provide a weathering surface and a heat-sensitive adhesive is applied to the other for attachment to a roof. Most shingle types are manufactured to meet certain roofing standards, including class A fire ratings, and some have high wind-resistance and impact-resistance properties.

An asphalt shingle roof will require regular maintenance to keep it in good condition. The granules can be worn down by the sun’s rays, and the adhesive layer may lose its seal. In addition, the shingle will need to be regularly cleaned to remove debris and prevent moss or algae from growing on it.

Asphalt shingles typically have a lifespan of 20-30 years. However, the lifespan of a shingle roof can be significantly increased with regular maintenance and proper installation. Some of the most important things to do are keeping the roof clear of debris, such as branches and leaves, and ensuring that the gutter system is functioning properly.

If you are considering an asphalt shingle roof for your home, be sure to request multiple bids from professionals to ensure that you are getting the best value and quality. Be sure to include the cost of labor and any other materials required for the job.


Metal roofing is becoming more popular for re-roofing projects. In fact, a McGraw-Hill Construction and Analytics survey revealed that 12% of residential re-roofing jobs utilize metal roofing. It is a durable roof option that offers longevity, minimal maintenance and energy efficiency. Metal roofing can be made from several materials, including galvanized steel, stainless steel and aluminum. It can also be designed in a variety of styles and finishes, to mimic other roof types such as asphalt shingles, tile, slate or cedar shakes.

Most residential metal roofing is composed of panels that are either locked together or screwed down to the deck. Galvanized steel is the most common material for standing seam panels, and can be coated in Kynar 500 or another weathering coating. It is available in different gauges, with 24 and 26 being the most popular. A lower gauge number means the panel is thicker and sturdier, but will still have the ability to expand and contract in response to weather conditions.

Other options include aluminum and copper. These are lighter metals, and can be textured to give the appearance of traditional shingle roofing. They are a great choice for climates that experience high winds and snowfall. However, they can be more prone to dents and corrosion than steel panels. Aluminum and copper are also more expensive than steel.

In addition to their durability, metal roofs can improve the curb appeal of a home, and are aesthetically pleasing. They can reflect solar heat, and help to cut down on energy costs by keeping the interiors of a building cooler. In addition, they are fire resistant and can last for 50 years or more.

However, like all other roofing materials, there are pros and cons to consider when deciding on a metal roof for your home or business. The biggest con is the initial cost of installation. While it is typically more expensive than other roofing options, the long lifespan and energy savings can often pay for the roof in a very short time frame. A metal roof can also be a challenge to install on existing buildings, especially when a lot of the structure is curved.


When it comes to residential roofing, there are a number of different options, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Some of the most common types of roofing materials include shingles, metal, tile (clay or concrete), and wood shakes. Each of these materials offers unique advantages and can complement a range of architectural styles.

Shingle roofs are typically made of small, rectangular shingles that overlap one another. They are often preferred for their affordability and versatility. They are available in a wide variety of colors, textures, and shapes and can complement a range of architectural designs. They also reflect sunlight and can help reduce energy costs. They can, however, be damaged by hail and high winds.

On the other hand, a tile roof is a more durable option that can withstand extreme weather conditions and last for decades. Clay or concrete tiles can be designed to blend with any architectural style and offer a luxurious aesthetic for curb appeal. They also provide excellent insulation, which can lower a home’s energy costs and are fire resistant.

A roof made of tile can be expensive, but it is a long-term investment that can increase the value of a home. Additionally, a tile roof is environmentally friendly since it uses raw materials without any preservatives and production waste can be recycled into asphalt pavement instead of sitting in landfills.

If you’re considering a tile roof, consider consulting a roofing professional to determine if the existing structure of your home can support it. Adding a tile roof to an older home will require reinforcement or structural framing, which can be costly. It’s also worth checking with your local building codes and HOA regulations before making a final decision.

Regardless of which type of roofing you choose, any new roof will add value to your property and increase its curb appeal. In fact, 33% of Realtors recommend replacing a roof before listing a house. A new roof can add up to $15,000 to the value of your home, and a new tile roof will likely add even more.

Wood Shake

Wood shakes are a popular roofing material that add a distinct rustic look to homes. This style of roof can last up to 30 years and is made from a renewable resource. It also helps insulate a home, keeping energy costs down. It is important to note, however, that wood shingle roofs require more maintenance than other types of roofing materials. They can be susceptible to rot, mold and pests. Additionally, a wood shake roof is not fireproof.

Unlike shingles, which are machine-cut and tapered for a trim look, wood shakes are hand-split for a rugged appearance. They are available in a variety of thicknesses and styles, making them versatile for almost any type of roof system. They are particularly attractive on sloping roofs and can be used to restore older antique buildings.

A wood shake is split from lumber logs by hand with specialized crafting tools. It is usually crafted out of red cedar, but it can also be made from yellow pine or other types of wood. Some shakes are pressure-treated to protect against rotting, warping and pests. These treated shakes are typically marketed with a blue label and have a warranty up to 20 to 25 years.

It is important to know that shakes are more susceptible to moisture than other roofing materials, which can lead to rot and other problems. When wet, shakes can swell and harbor moisture, which can trigger mold and warping. They are also not fireproof, so they must be properly insulated to keep them warm.

Shake roofs should be inspected regularly for any signs of wear and tear. Any repairs should be completed promptly to prevent further damage and extend the lifespan of the roof. They are also not as durable as asphalt shingles and may need to be replaced more frequently.

When choosing a wood shake, it is important to look for products that have been certified by a recognized grading agency such as the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau for red cedar or the Southern Pine Inspection Bureau for yellow pine. It is also important to choose an installer who is experienced with installing shakes. Additionally, it is recommended that an interlayment (felt paper) be installed over solid sheathing under a shake roof.